Starting from farming without using soil to using air, there are many ways to grow crops in narrow areas that you can do!
Farming is an activity in managing a land by planting seeds or plants. Farming is usually done in gardens or in the fields by farmers. Not only farmers, there are also many people who want to grow plants around their environment to add aesthetics and also the beauty of the surrounding environment. However, what is often a problem is that there is not enough land to grow plants. Along with the development of the times, people are now getting more creative to grow crops in the area around their homes or their environment to pick crops or spices directly. There are many ways to take advantage of how to grow crops on a small area without the need to take up space. Do you want to make your home page more beautiful and cool? Check out how to grow crops in the following narrow land, yes!
Want to grow crops in a narrow area? Follow some of the following ways as an easy means of growing crops in a narrow area in the yard. Read more.
1. Using the Tabulampot Method
The term tabulampot has often been used, especially in the plantation world. For those who are not familiar with the term tabulampot, tabulampot is an extension of fruit plants in pots which is the process of planting fruit seeds in pots. Even though it has limitations on land, this method of farming in a narrow area like tabulampot allows you to keep gardening smoothly. However, not all fruit crops can be grown using this tabulampot method, such as durian which has a large tree trunk. Farming using this method can use generative seeds (from seeds) or vegetative seeds (grafting, grafting, and grafting). The media needed include pots that are useful for supporting plant postures, a mixture of soil, compost, and husk charcoal.
To grow crops using this method, first you prepare a planting medium such as a pot. You can use a small pot first and prepare a large pot as the plant grows. Fill the pot with a mixture of soil, compost, and husk charcoal with a 1:1:1 composition until half the pot is filled. Remove the plant from the polybag and place the plant in the center of the pot that has been filled with the planting media mixture. Add the planting medium mix to cover the roots but still leave some space on the soil surface with the top of the pot. Make sure the part of the planting media mixture around the plant is solid and strong to support plant growth. Water the plants that have been planted and place them in a cool area away from direct sunlight. Water every morning or evening and after a week you can move the tabulampot out in the open so that it is in contact with the sun. Because this tabulampot planting medium has limited nutrient reserves, you must also carry out the fertilization process for plant nutrition. You can do the first fertilization after one month, then every 3-4 months for the next fertilization.
2. Hydroponics, How to Grow Plants without Using Soil
Hydroponics, as the name implies, is a way of growing crops without using soil. This farming method uses water that has been mixed with nutrients as a nutritious planting medium for plants. One way or technique of hydroponic farming that is simple and easy to do is the hydroponic wick technique. This method only requires you to prepare used bottles, wicks, and husks for the process. First of all, divide the bottle into two parts and punch holes in the neck for mounting the wick and air circulation. Turn the hole in the bottle and insert the wick into the hole that has been made and insert the top of the bottle that has a wick into the bottom. The top of the bottle that has been given the axis is filled with planting media such as husks or brick fragments to support the roots of the plants to be planted. Enter the plant seeds that have been sown and flush with a nutrient solution made from a mixture of water and nutrients. Because it is directly connected to water and a source of nutrients, these hydroponic crops are of better quality. In terms of taste and nutritional content, these hydroponic crops have superior quality compared to plants that use soil media. For the hydroponic farming method, you can plant a wide selection of horticultural crops. These horticultural plants include vegetable plants, fruits, medicines, to ornamental plants.
3. How to Farm in Narrow Land Using the Verticulture Method
For those who have a narrow yard or a small yard, using the vertical method for farming is the right way. As the name implies, this verticulture maximizes vertical land for your gardening process. This method is very suitable for cultivating short-lived plants such as vegetables. You can use this vertical method to grow various kinds of vegetables such as mustard greens, kale, celery, kailan, pakcoy, to tomatoes. This method also has many models, from hanging verticals, sticks, uprights, to shelves. Usually, you can find various models of pots for verticulture or to save costs you can also use a 4 cm paralon.
The trick is to make a hole in the top of the 4 cm paralon to plant the plants you choose and put a small hole at the bottom of each large hole you made for vertical racks. Or it could be by positioning the paralon upright and only needing to make a hole for planting plants. For vertical placement, you can cement the bottom of the paralon pipe by adding small feet for water circulation. For the vertical rack method, you can also hang the paralon using a rope on the side and cover the side using plastic or polybags. Then enter the planting medium a mixture of soil, compost, and husk until it fills the paralon pipe and place the plant seeds in each paralon hole. After that, take care of the plants by watering them regularly and pay attention to the water circulation in your vertical method.
4. How to Grow Plants without Using Soil with the Aeroponics Method
In addition to using water, you can also use air as a way to grow crops without using soil. The roots of the plant are left hanging in the air without using soil like other methods. The hanging roots with this aeroponic method are sprayed using a mixture of water and nutrient solution so that the absorption of nutrients in plants occurs directly without obstacles. As a result, plants can grow faster and produce higher yields. To use this aeroponic method, you can use Styrofoam or cork that has been given a lot of holes. By using foam, you can stick plant seeds that have been sown in each hole. To make it easier for you not to always spray the nutrients you need, you can prepare a sprinkler and fill it with a mixture of water and nutrients. This sprinkler can help you to always nourish the plants without having to spray a mixture of water and nutrients every time. Similar to hydroponics, vegetables grown using this method have good quality, fresh, and high taste. Commonly grown plants using this method are short-lived vegetables, such as caisim, pakcoy, lettuce, kailan, kale, and so on.
5. Seasoning Plants as Kitchen Decorations and Taste Enhancers
Spice plants in addition to having a fresh color can also be useful for your cooking. Farming is only done to grow fruit, vegetable, and ornamental plants, but it can also be started by planting small-sized spice plants. You can easily plant and store spices for flavoring such as basil, oregano, mint, rosemary, and so on. You can use mixed planting media with small pots or cans with holes for water circulation. Make sure you put the pot near the kitchen window so that the plants are exposed to sunlight. Take the plants outside for watering so that the watering process can be done more cleanly in the kitchen. After the spice plants grow, you can enjoy the results of these plants to enhance the taste of your cooking.