Get to know Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, and the Benefits

The amount of waste continues to increase over time. If not addressed, then it is not impossible if garbage fills the entire surface of the Earth. Therefore, humans began to do waste management.

In waste management, the 3R principles are known, namely reduce, reuse, and recycle. What is the true meaning of the 3R principle and what are its benefits for life?

To find out, let’s look at the explanation below:


Reduce or reduce is the most basic first principle of waste management. Reduce means reducing waste from the start.

For example, instead of using single-use plastic bags, it is better to use shopping bags that can be used many times.

Other examples of reduce are not letting the tap water just flow when bathing or brushing your teeth, turning off lights, fans, and air conditioners when not needed, and bringing your own cutlery instead of using single-use packaging.

Reporting from the United States Environmental Protection Agency, the benefits of reducing are preventing new pollution caused by reducing demand, saving energy, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, reducing waste that must be recycled, and allowing products to be used optimally.

The reduce principle also encourages people to better understand their needs. Compared to buying things you want but are useless and will become trash. The reduce principle suppresses human consumptive attitudes and automatically makes people live more efficiently.


Reuse or reuse is the second principle in waste management. Reporting from A Singapore Government Agency Website, reduce is the principle of considering goods before throwing them away and estimating their possibilities for reuse.

For example, using used plastic bottles as a place to store floor cleaning fluid or as a plant watering agent.

Using an old tire as a swing, buying shampoo or bath soap in the form of a refill pack and refilling it again into the previous bottle, are also included in reuse. Reuse also teaches humans to sort out waste that can still be used.

Used clothes that are still fit for use can be donated, as well as electrical equipment, books, and furniture that were replaced because they were bored or slightly damaged. In addition to reducing waste, these items can also be useful for others.

Repairing damaged items instead of buying new items is also the principle of reuse. Some used goods can also be sold to thrift shops so that reuse also provides economic benefits for those who apply it.


The last 3R principle is recycle or recycling. Recycling is the process of converting waste or used goods into raw materials to make new goods.

Recycling is one of the efforts to deal with waste that is increasing every day. In addition, it also aims to reduce the use of new resources and energy, so that the use of resources becomes more efficient.

The use of used goods rather than raw materials as raw materials for the manufacture of new products can save natural resources and energy. According to Stanford Land, Buildings & Real Estate, manufacturing recycled aluminum cans uses 95% less energy than manufacturing the same aluminum cans using natural bauxite.

For example, recycling used paper into new paper, recycling plastic into craft art products, and also recycling various materials such as metal and glass to become new items that can be reused.

Recycle is useful for conserving natural resources, reducing the amount of waste, garbage, and pollution, saving energy, saving money, and also creating new jobs, especially in the recycling industry.